One of the duties of the lady of the castle was to ensure the planting and harvesting of the herb garden each year. Without a proper supply of herbs the inhabitants of the castle may not last through a harsh winter. Most of the herbs she found most important to plant in her garden are still available today and can be grown year round in your garden or in pots on your kitchen windowsill.
Basil, Coriander, Curry, Chives, Garlic, Lavender, Oregano, Rosemary, Sage, Tarragon and Wintersavory. Chives, Garlic, some Oreganos and Wintersavory were often able to continue to grow through winter conditions. These herbs were used to give flavor to meals, used as tea and often hid the taste of rancid meat.
Citron, Lavender, Pennyroyal, Peppermint, Parsley, Rosemary and Sage were used to freshen the air. Lavender, Rosemary and Citron kept fleas and moths away. They were often used in sachets and as deoderants during months when bathing was not an option.
Boneset, Dandelion, Feverfew, Garlic, Goosegrass, Lavender, Peppermint, Sage, Self-heal, Tansy, and Willowbark.
Dandelion was used as a purgative and diuretic, Self-heal, Feverfew and Willowbark for fever and pain and Goosegrass and Boneset were used for breaks, cuts and lesions.
Often, these herbs would be mixed with a bit of fat and applied topically or ground and used in poultices. Of course you can always buy them predried or capsuled and ready to use from herb retailers, such as Mountain Rose Herbs.
Thyme was commonly used to treat various ailments, from flu to epileptic seizures.During the middle ages, people mixed thyme with lavender in equal amounts and sprinkled on the floors of churches to get rid of any unwanted odors. Moreover, it has also been used to heal wounds and prevent infections, and it was applied crushed on the affected areas.
Visit The Captains Lady's Tiny Medieval Garden board on Pinterest for some fascinating ideas on how to create your very own medieval garden and ways to use your herbs for natural healing.
About the Author
Mari Joanne' Dionne is an AADP Board Certified Holistic Health Practitioner of Natural Healing, NLP Certified Life Coach, and Highly Sensitive Person. Read more...
Forgotten Health Terms
Fish-Whole ~ as sound as a fish or healthy
Accoucheur ~ a male mid-wife
Kingsevil ~ a disease or swelling of the cervical lymph nodes
Valitudinary ~ subject to sickness; crazy
Chime-Child ~ a child born on Sunday who was immune to witchcraft, could see ghosts, and was a natural healer
Periblepsis ~ a delirious stare of the eyes
Wormland ~ a churchyard
Green-Sickness ~ a disease incident to virgins; sickly paleness, with green tint of complexion
Tissek or Tissicky Cough ~ a tickling faint cough
Multiplying Medicine ~ an elixer of the alchemists, used in making and multiplying gold
Peat-Reek-Whisky ~ highland whiskey, distilled over peat fires
Belly-Brussen ~ a distended stomach or having a protuberant stomach
Oint ~ to smear with an unctuous substance (usually having to do with painting or disguising something)
Farbed-Up ~ confused
Nyctobasis ~ Somnambulism; to walk in one's sleep
Roozles ~ wretchedness of mind and body
Coolth ~ coolness (opposite of warmth)
Pharmacopolist ~ an apothecary
Laver ~ to wash (before dinner)
Gothicism ~ to be rude or rudeness
Desuetude ~ lack of use
Splay the Bream ~ to cut up that fish
Doctor of Skill ~ a physician
Pimpish ~ dainty in the matter of food (taking in small quantities)
Dendranthoplology ~ the theory that man sprang from trees
Fash ~ care, trouble, anxiety, as in "do not fash yerself."
Satisfy Colon ~ to satisfy one's hunger
Neurasthenia ~ debility or impairment of the nerves
Trollibags ~ the intestines
Cothish ~ faint, sickly, ailing
Fogo ~ a disagreeable stink or smell
With Squirrel ~ pregnant
Pottinger ~ a cook, apothecary, druggist (Scotland)
Pomster ~ a quack doctor; to treat illness without knowledge or skill
Bleflummery ~ vain imaginings
Venefice ~ a practice of poisoning
Weaponsalve ~ a salve that was supposed to cure the wound by applying it to the weapon that caused it
Overset ~ to recover from mental shock
Fordolked ~ wounded
Witchify ~ to bewitch
Wamblecropped ~ humiliated
Naufrage ~ shipwreck
Peffle ~ in a nervous state
Measondue ~ a hospital or poor house
Dead-Nip ~ a blue mark on the body not caused by an injury or any known cause...sometimes called a witch's nip
Sadly On ~ expressing that a person is ill or in a bad way
Whirligigs or Tallywags ~ testicles
Betwattled ~ to be surprised, confounded, out of one’s senses
Blind Cupid ~ the backside
Bone Box ~ the mouth
Dicked in the Nob ~ silly, crazed
Head Rails ~ teeth
Hickey ~ tipsy, hiccupping
Knowledge box ~ a term for the head