Restless Leg Syndrome is also known as Wittmaack-Ekbom's Syndrome and is characterized by disturbing sensations in the legs, which prevent resting, falling to sleep, or staying asleep due to leg or foot disturbances. There is the compelling urge to move the legs in order to get a tingling, crawling, nagging, pins and needles, prickling or pulling feeling to go away. Only moving the leg or foot offers temporary relief. During sleep the legs may jerk, kick, or bicycle. These movements are better known as periodic limb movements, which are usually considered symptoms from a different disorder and common in those with RLS. Those with RLS are frequently tired and tend to lose concentration and focus during the day.
RLS is often linked to autoimmune disorders, such as Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy. With RSD, the skin, muscle and bones near the area of nerve damage begin to show signs of discoloration, hair loss and extreme sensitivity. RSD is an autoimmune disorder. RLS is often genetic. Women, during pregnancy, sometimes get RLS. It disappears once the child is born.
A coating over nerve cells called the myelin sheath protects neurons (nerves) and is quite like the plastic coating found on electrical wires. This coating prevents signal interference in the nervous system and is made mostly out of fats (lipids). If these lipids are not formed right, the sheath is of no use. It is defected and can get cracks and holes in it. Certain foods and supplements can help repair the myelin sheath and prevent the pain and discomfort associated with restless leg and peripheral neuropathy.
Possible Causes of Restless Leg Syndrome
One of the #1 causes of RLS is Iron deficiency (anemia) or hemochromotosis (having too much Iron in your blood).
RLS may be associated with Fibromyalgia.
RLS may also be the result of blood circulation problems (PAD) in the lower back or legs.
Prolonged stress may aggravate RLS and also be the cause of RLS.
Attention Deficit Disorder has also been associated with RLS.
Other issues related to RLS, but not always, rhuematoid arthritis, diabetes and hypoglycemia, adrenal burnout, kidney disease (or failure with dialysis), Parkinson's, spinal disk problems and/or nerve damage, consumption of artificial dietary sweeteners, the consumption of stimulants (caffeine, nicotine, etc.), medications and drugs (prescription, over-the-counter and recreational), thyroid thyroid disorder, vitamin and mineral deficiencies, Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (PLMD), alcohol abuse, toxins, and chemotherapy (a side effect of).
Spiritual/Psychological causes of Restless Leg Syndrome: Self-punishment over guilt issues. Often this goes hand in hand with unresolved communication issues.
Your doctor can order blood tests that will rule out other conditions, order a polysomnography test, which records leg movement while you are sleeping, and can prescribe medication when necessary.
There are 3 classes of medications for RLS.
Dopaminergic drugs (approved by the FDA), Pramipexole and Ropinirole, which reduce sensory symptoms and the urge to move. These drugs cause augmentation in one-third to one-half of all patients, meaning the symptoms of RLS begin to appear earlier in the day when used over a long-term period.
Antisiezure medications, such as Gabapentin and Pregabalin (not approved by the FDA for RLS, but for nerve pain), which appear to be effective in reducing or eliminating RLS, but have many side effects.
Opiates (narcotic pain medication), used in low doses, are extremely effective to relieve RLS and improve sleep. There does not seem to be much evidence of abuse of these medications by the patients using them.
When Being Highly Sensitive Hurts the Highly Sensitive Person
Natural remedies and alternative therapies are included in this e-book for the following symptoms and syndromes: